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altIt is known in historic sources as the daha of Shaykh Zayniddin. According to researchers it originated from the word Kokhcha “a small fortress” in Persian. This name was given to the Kukcha Oqtepa (white hills) monument during the VI-XI centuries. Life in this Oqtepa continued until X-XI centuries. In the 80-s of the last century Oqtepa was leveled to the ground. There were three gates (Saghbon, Chighatoy, Kukcha), 57 mahallas, 47 mavzes, 60 mosques and two medresses. The outer plantations of the daha were situated on the banks of Nazarbek, Kuksaroy and Keles rivers. One of the important places of the daha was the temple of Shaykh Zayniddin bobo built in 1214 in the village of Orifon (orif-nobleman, persian) outside the Kukcha gate.

Shaykh Zayniddin bobo was born in 1164 in the city of Baghdod. His father was sheikh Shahobiddin Abu Havs Umar as-Sukhravardiy. His father was the leader of Baghdod sufiys, the prominent sheikh, and he was the person who founded the tasavvuf school and the “Sukhravardiya” tasavvuf tariqat. His books including “Avorif-ul-maorif” were translated into more than ten languages of the world. Legends say, that with his father sheikh Shahobiddin’s blessing, Sheykh Zayniddin bobo came from Baghdod to Tashkent and settled in Kukcha daha, in the ritual room of one of the cemeteries. He gave lectures to Tashkent’s population from the tasavvuf and contributed to their spirituality and enlightenment. As time passed his family and students established the future community of Quyi Oriphon.

Sheykh Zayniddin Bobo died in 1259 at the age of 95. He was buried in the chillakhona (place of solitude) of the cemetery in the village.

At the end of XIV century under the order of Amir Temur a beautiful new mausoleum was built on his tomb instead of the former small temples with four columns of those times. The “chillakhona “ inside of the temple, according to some historians was used as a small observatory in its time. The story goes that there was an underground passage under the chillakhona, through which Sheikh Zayniddin bobo used to walk to the temple of Imam Abubakr Muhammad Qaffol Shoshiy for his visits.

Original Link: Kukcha daha