Bahauddin Naqshband

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Tour "The legends of ancient cities of Uzbekistan"

Bahauddin Naqshband

Sufism in Uzbekistan - Bahauddin NaqshbandBaha ad-Din Muhammad al-Bukhari, Bahauddin Naqshband (1318-1389) – was also known as Shahi Naqshbandi and Hogeye Buzur, one of the spiritual fathers of sufism, is considered to be the founder of the Naqshbandia sufi community.

Bahauddin was born in 1318 year in the village of Qasr-Hinduvan, which was near Bukhara. The father of the future sufi spiritual was an artisan.

Unfortunately, with this, biographical information almost exhausted, as he forbade his disciples to record all the deeds and preaching he performed. The majority of chronicles were created after his death and lost a lot of facts and events.

However, it is known that the interest in sufism Bahauddin got from his grandfather. The first spiritual master of the boy was Muhammad Babayi Simas, who later sent him for further studies to Sheikh Amir Sayyid Kulaly. Sheikh, in his turn, seeing the seriousness of the aspirations of young Bahauddin, introduced him to the sufi order of Hodzhagan dervishes.

Being already established as a spiritual teacher, Naqshbandi called during his sermons to the simplicity and unassuming, but rejected asceticism and solitude. He was a supporter of the worldly life, which was considered to be the best for forming human personality, speaking against the ostentatious piety and theatrical rites, forty-day fast, loud zikhr (saying prayers) and vagrancy.

While discovering the wisdom of sufi, Bahauddin did not take the way of life of dervishes and did not start wandering and begging. On the contrary, he fully immersed himself in real life. He wove fine silk fabric "Qamhah," was a great cutter for metal, for which he received his nickname - Naqshband, which in fact meant "cutter for metal." Following his example, followers of the Naqshbandi stopped wandering and started earning a living craft.

According to legend, Naqshbandi was to meet his spiritual master in the Order of dervishes.

And it was so. Once acquainted with Bahauddin dervish named Khalil. Permeated with his wit and wisdom, he became a pupil of Khalil, and 6 years later, his teacher was appointed the ruler of the district. Left at the court of Sultan Khalil, Bahauddin got the right to use the huge palace library and immersed himself into reading the manuscripts of Muslim theologians.

However, Naqshbandi hated luxury and very soon he left the palace and moved to a village of Rivatun near Bukhara. After living there for some time, the theologian began to gather on a pilgrimage to holy places - Mecca and Medina. Travel was long and Naqshbandi returned home to Bukhara only after 3 years.

From the Hajj (pilgrimage to the holy places), Bahauddin came back fully entrenched in his faith, his ideals now became an absolute spiritual purity, renunciation of luxury and greed. Theologian began preaching actively, and according to his teachings, the true sufi simply had to follow the Sunnas and all the rules of Shariah. Being a follower of the spiritual Gijduvani, Naqshbandi developed and improved the teaching of the Hodzhagan Order. Soon after that he formed 11 rules of the prayer meditation, as well as developed a special technique of breathing.

Initially, only citizens showed interest for the teaching of Naqshbandi, but very quickly his reputation spread to the tribes of nomads, who carried the idea of such Islam throughout Central Asia. Very soon, the doctrine has gained popularity in the Ottoman Empire, the Muslim Volga region and even in India. A kind of emblem of the Order of followers became the image of the heart, with the name of Allah inscribed in the middle of it.

Year by year, the authority of the Order has grown stronger due to the secular authorities, political activity of the brotherhood increased, and soon, the opinion of Sheikh Naqshbandi was very important even for the rulers of the powerful Asian states.

Throughout his life Bahauddin Naqshbandi confirmed the correctness of his chosen way by his every deed, increasing the role of religion in society and doing good deeds by Allah.

Due to the high holiness and piety of the famous theologian, Bukhara was named as "Dome of Islam in the East," and he himself was canonized and recognized as the patron of this blessed city, where all his life passed.

From 1544 year a majestic mausoleum stands on a grave of Bahauddin Naqshband. Since ancient times up to nowadays the flow of people, who desire to touch the memorial, did not dry up. It was because of tradition, according to which visiting the holy resting place for three times is equivalent to "Hajj" to Mecca and Medina.


Tour "The legends of ancient cities of Uzbekistan"

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