Al-Gijduvani

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Tour "The legends of ancient cities of Uzbekistan"

Al-Gijduvani

Al-GijduvaniHajja Abd al-Khaliq Abd al-Jamil Gijduvani (1103-1179) - a prominent representative of Sufism, the founder of the Sufi Order "Hadzhagan," one of the seven pirs of sacred Bukhara.

He was born in the town Gijduvan, 52 km from Bukhara. The boy's parents were natives of Byzantium (Rum) , who were settled in Maverannakhr by the will of destiny. Al-Gijduvani’s father - Imam Abdujalil Haji, hereditary priest, was considered very influential clergyman fakikh (Hanafi scholar), his mother descended from the rulers of Rum.

Since childhood, the boy was surrounded by an atmosphere of Muslim rites. At 9 years he studied the Koran completely, since ten he was admitted to the administration of dervish rituals in the age of thirteen he was sent to Bukhara to study natural sciences, where he got close ties with the young Sufis.

Already at 22, the young man was known as an eminent theologian. At the same time, he met with Sheikh Yusuf Hamadani and became murid - novice and ardent supporter of his teachings. Followers of the sheikh were a great multitude, but only four of them: Hajja Hassan Andaki, Abdullo Barraki, Ahmad Yasawi and Abdulkhalik Gijduvani became true followers and associates. In consequence, al - Gijduvani became the spiritual deputy of Sheikh as the fourth caliph, which determined his destiny in the future of the sheikh and the pir (the role spiritual leader) of Bukhara.

In the second half of XII century, when the teacher Hamadani left the Khorasan, al-Gijduvani organized school of Sufism - Tariqat Hadzhagan (" Path of Hajjs").

Gijduvani reached great heights in the Islamic sciences, sanctity and piety. Throughout his life he followed the basic rules of Sufism: take the right path, renounce all earthly things, to voluntary poverty and remain at all times on the way, both spiritually and physically.

According to the written sources and extants which reached our days, the famous theologian has consistently sought to have ceased Muslim opposition movements in the Maverannakhr, with an emphasis on the purity of religion. He urged citizens to education, nobility of thoughts and minds, honesty in business, humanism and boundless love for their homeland.

Many works devoted to the practice of Sufism, "Vass name", "Risala-iy-Tariko“, ”Risala-iy Sakhawi", "Zikr-i-al-Khaliq Gijduvani" belong to al-Gijduvani.

That was he who introduced the practice of sending prayers concept of a quiet or secret zikrs (the silent communication with God, based on concentrated meditation), as opposed to personal and collective zikrs, which were spoken aloud.

He introduced in the practice of Sufism the inner contemplation and developed a set of ground rules:

  • - Khush dar dam - self-breathing, awareness of divine presence.
  • - Nazar dar Kadam - concentration at each step, so as not to distract attention from the main.
  • - Safar dar Watan - a trip through the native land with the aim of knowing of science and self-development.
  • - Hilvat dar anzhuman – loneliness in a crowd. Communicating with people but being to be open-hearted only with God.

The notion of Islam as an educator highly moral man, as reflected in the works of al-Gijduvani especially very true today, when the Muslim world is so disunited in the interpretation of the foundations, what is very often used by various extremist organizations.

The famous theologian Gizhduvani was buried near the grave of his mother. Next to their disposal by order of Ulugbek(ruler, Timurid) was elevated the ensemble, which included a mosque, madrassah and minaret.

Today it is a popular place of pilgrimage for believers.


Tour "The legends of ancient cities of Uzbekistan"

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