Crafting in Uzbekistan


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carpetsSince ancient times Uzbekistan was famous for manufacturing carpets, because source material - wool of sheep, camels was always enough. Carpets differed from each other with the pile length (“dzhulhirsy", “gilams" and "palace"), patterns and colors.
The themes for the decoration of Oriental rugs are usually landscapes of the so-called "Garden of Eden." According to the scientists, the foundation of everything became the famous carpet that belonged to Sassanid king named Khosrov (V-IV centuries). Being woven on his orders the masterpiece portrayed the beloved ruler's pleasure garden. Since that time central medallion carpet started to be manufactured, depicting the main flower bed in the middle of the king's garden, a repeating pattern along the edge, these are the park paths, small floral rosettes in the corners of the carpet - parterre in each corner of the garden.
However, each school of carpet weaving brought a local flavor into the carpet products.
Therefore, the famous Bukhara carpets are woven only in red-brown range, while the role of the central figure - "flower beds", play the adjacent octagons, as well as the images of stars can be seen on the edge.
Samarkand rugs are usually of blue and yellow tones. There was not one, but three of the medallion in the central field and "meander" the Greek ornament is on the curb.
In Uzbekistan, the manufacturing of napless carpets named palace is very common. These carpets are usually woven striped from cotton and kenaf. Such palaces are considered to be the famous "arab" and "gazhari", as well as "term".
From the resent time the tradition of silk carpet are reviving in the Republic. Only natural silk threads are used for the production of such products and they are woven by hands on vertical or horizontal machines. As a result, the carpets are unusually obtained soft and very durable. The height of their pile does not exceed 2 mm.
Production centers are used to be Margilan and Bukhara cities.